Music Tech Teacher, Music Terms and Definitions

Music Tech Teacher - Music Terms and Definitions. Our students learn to read, write, compose and publish music. Our site includes quizzes, resources, and in-service notes for teachers and students interested in using technology to enhance music education.

portfolio1 portfolio2 portfolio3 portfolio4 portfolio5 portfolio6 portfolio7

Music Tech Lab at Green Acres

Students are practicing music on the keyboards in our lab at Green Acres.

Music Tech Lab at Green Acres

Students are practicing music on the keyboards in our lab at Green Acres.

Music Tech Lab at Green Acres

Students are practicing music on the keyboards in our lab at Green Acres.

Music Tech Lab at Green Acres

Students are practicing music on the keyboards in our lab at Green Acres.

Music Tech Students

Students are practicing music on the keyboards in our lab at Green Acres.

Music Tech Students

Students like to use their Noteflight.com accounts and Synthesia to compose and play music.

Music Tech Students

Students are having fun preparing for a music program.

small portfolio1 small portfolio2 small portfolio3 small portfolio4
get in touch

Musical Terms and Expressions Definitions by Ms. Garrett

Accelerando - tempo gradually gets faster

Accidental - symbols such as sharps or flats and naturals that raise or lower a pitch.
accidental

Adagio - slow speed (not too slow)

Allegro - fast tempo / speed

Andante - play the music at a moderately slow speed.

Bar Line - a vertical line on the staff to separate measures in a composition.
bar line

Beam - a straight line connecting two or more notes such as eighth and sixteenth notes.
eighth notes with beam

Beat - a musical pulse or unit of time / the steady pulse of music.

Chord - a combination of three or more notes sounding at the same time / multiple notes sounding simultaneously (Ex. A C Major chord may consist of the notes C-E-G.)

Clef - a symbol placed at the beginning of the staff to indicate names of lines and spaces.
treble clef

Conductor - the director of a group of musicians.

Crescendo - gradually get louder
crescendo

Decrescendo - gradually get softer
decrescendo

Dot - a small symbol placed to the right of a note that increases the duration of the note by one half.
dotted note

Dynamics - symbols that indicate a change in volume of a song. (The students played the music louder and softer, as indicated by the dynamics written on the music.)

Enharmonic - Two notes that sound the same but are spelled differently.
enharmonic

Fermata - a pause in the music, indicated by this sign.
fermata

Flat - a symbol written to the left of a note that lowers the pitch by a half step.
flat sign

Forte - loud. (The percussion section saw the forte mark on their music and played the music with a booming sound.)
forte

Half Step - the distance between one key and the next adjacent white or black key on a keyboard.

Interval - the difference in pitch between two notes.
interval

Largo - slow and stately

Ledger Line - a small line written above or below the staff to extend the range of notation.
ledger lines

Legato - playing notes in a smooth, connected manner.

Measure - the space between one bar line and the next.
measure

Moderato - medium tempo / speed

Octave - the interval between two adjacent notes of the same name.
octave

Orchestra - a large group of instrumentalists consisting of woodwind, brass, string and percussion sections.

Pentatonic - a scale having five tones to the octave, usually avoiding half steps.
(The students played a song on the xylophone using the notes C,D,E,G, and A from the pentatonic scale.)

Phrase - a complete musical thought.

Piano - soft
piano

Pizzicato - pluck strings instead of bowing

Presto - very fast tempo or speed

Recorder - an end-blown flute-like instrument that has a whistle mouthpiece, available in soprano, alto, tenor and bass. (The teacher told the students to play the recorder by blowing more softly.)

Refrain - the melody of a song that is repeated after each verse. (After singing the second verse of the song, the chorus sang the refrain.)

Repeat Sign - a sign that indicates a section of music to be played again. (The clarinet players had to go back and play measures 5-13 again when they got to the repeat sign.)
repeat sign

Rest - a symbol used to indicate silence in music.
Rest

Sharp - a symbol written to the left of a note that raises the pitch by a half step.
sharp sign

Slur - a curved line connecting two or more different notes, indicating to play the music smoothly.
Slur

Staccato - a dot over or under notes that indicate playing the music short and detached. (The students were told to play the notes with a more staccato sound because they were making each note sound too long.) 
staccato

Staff - horizontal lines on which notes are written. The musical staff has five lines and four spaces.

Syncopation - a rhythm accented on notes that are not usually stressed.

Tempo - the speed of a composition. (The director told the students to play the song at a faster tempo.)

Tie - a curved line connecting two notes indicated to play them as a single note.
Tie

Vivace - lively and quick tempo

Whole Step - A whole step is equal to two half steps. (Examples - C to D is a whole step. E to F Sharp is a whole step.)

slide up button